A RAISIN IN THE SUN: AUTHOR’S BACKGROUND, SUMMARY OF THE ACTS—BY LORRAINE HANSBERRY:
BACKGROUND OF THE AUTHOR:
Lorraine Hansberry was born in 1930 in Southside Chicago. Her father was a successful real estate broker. Lorraine studied Art at the University of Wisconsin and attended the Jefferson School for social sciences. In 1953, she married Robert Nemiroft, a white Jewist artist and political activist. She wrote A Raisin in the Sun in 1959 and opened in March 1959. Lorraine was the first black female to have a work staged on Broadway and the youngest American to wi9n the New York Critics’ Circle Award.
SUMMARY OF ACT ONE SCENE ONE:
The Younger family were in two bedrooms apartment that was in a terrible condition. Ruth woke her son, Travis and her husband from sleep. Walter and Ruth argued over the liquor business which Walter wanted to do with Willy Harris and Bobo. Beneatha, Walter’s sister told her brother that the insurance money was for the entire family not for Walter alone. Walter went out and Mama asked why Ruth and her husband were involved in argument. Ruth told Mama that Walter wanted to invest the entire money into liquor business and an argument ensued. Joseph Asagai paid a visit to Beneatha and gave her a gift of a dress. Ruth told Mama and Beneatha that she was two months pregnant. Ruth plan was to terminate the pregnancy. While the discussion was going on, the much awaited cheque was given to the family.
SUMMARY OF ACT TWO SCENE ONE:
Beneatha wore the dress given to her by Asagai. She danced to African music; Walteer came into the house and joined in the dance. George visited the family and later went out with Beneatha. Mama came and told the family that she had purchased a three bedroom flat for the family. Ruth was happy about the news but Walter was not happy.
SUMMARY OF ACT TWO SCENE TWO:
Walter did not go work. His employer, Mrs. Arnold made a phone call and gave instruction to Ruth that Walter would lose his job if he did not appear at work. Mama and Walter had discussions and was able to discover that Walter was annoyed because of the insurance money Mama spent. Mama apologized to Walter, she told Walter to take control of the remaining money after deduction of Beneatha’s school fees. She also hands over the leadership of the family to Walter. This new development made Walter a happy man.
SUMMARY OF ACT TWO SCENE THREE:
Ruth and Beneatha were parking the properties in the house in preparation to the new house purchased by Mama. Mr. Karl Linder, the chairman of welcoming Committee of Cly bourne Park Improvement Association visited the Youngers’. He told them that blacks would not be allowed to live among them. The association was ready to buy the house from them. Walter was annoyed and sent Mr. Linder away. Mama was happy about the decision taken by Walter. Bobo told Walter that Harris Willy had disappeared. Bobo could not travel with Harris Willy to Springfield. It was a great blow to Walter because all the six thousand five hundred dollars was gone.
SUMMARY OF ACT THREE:
Joseph Asagai visited Beneatha in order to assist in the parking. He was later told that Walter lost the insurance money to insurance business. Asagai told Beneatha to follow him to Africa. Ruth believed they could still move to the new house. Mama suggested that their present accommodation can be renovated. Lindner was invited by Walter for the second time. The entire family told him that they were not interested in the offer made by Clybourne Park Improvement Association. The movers arrived the house of the Youngers, moved the loads and went to the house.