As discussed in the previous discussion, a pronoun is a word used in place of nouns. The following are the types of pronouns.
PERSONAL PRONOUNS: Personal pronouns refer to the three persons in English Language. They are first, second and third persons. The first person-pronoun refers to the person speaking, the second person-person pronoun refers to the person[s] being addressed while the third person-pronoun refers to the person[s] or thing[s] spoken about. Personal pronouns have both singular and plural forms and can be used as subjects and objects in sentences..e.g.
1st person—-I/Me, We/Us: Subject and object—-person speaking
2nd person—You/You, You/You: Subject and Object—-person spoken to
3rd Person—He, She, It/him, her, it/ They/ them: Subject and Object—-person spoken about.
POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS: These pronouns are used to show ownership or personal belonging. Examples of possessive pronouns are: mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, theirs.
The book is mine [mine-possessive pronoun]
There is a difference between possessive adjective and possessive pronouns. For example:
This is your bag[your-possessive adjective].
The bag is yours[yours-possessive pronoun]. Therefore, our, my, your, her, his, their, its are possessive adjectives. Remember that apostrophe cannot be used with possessive pronouns. E.g. This car is yours not This car is your’s.
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS: These are used to point out particular persons, places or things. e.g. this, that, these and those. ‘This’ and ‘that’ are singular while ‘these’ and ‘those’ are plural. Furthermore, ‘this’ and ‘these’ are used for closer objects while ‘that’ and ‘those’ are used for distant objects. E.g
This is my house[ it shows nearness and singular].
These are my wives [it shows nearness and plural].
That is her house [it indicates distant and singular].
Those are the criminals [it indicates distant and plural].
INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS: These pronouns are used in asking questions. E.g what, which, why, whose, who, whom, where etc.
Who killed my dog? Why did you beat him? Where is my book? There must be a question mark at the end of an interrogative pronouns.
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS: These pronouns are used when the action of the verbs go back to the performer. It is usually identified by ‘self’ in singular forms while ‘elves’ in the plural forms. Examples are: myself, himself, herself, ourselves, themselves, yourselves.——I swept the room myself [myself— in singular form], They love themselves [themselves –in plural form].
RELATIVE PRONOUNS: Relative pronouns are used to introduce adjectival clause[relative clause] in a sentence. e.g. who, which, whom,whose, that. It takes the place of a noun or pronoun and join two parts of a sentence. For example – Here is the book. I promise to buy for you. These two sentences can be joined with the use of relative pronoun to become: Here is the book which I promised to buy for you.
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS: They are used for nouns that are not specific or clearly defined. They are categorized in the following groups:
Group A-some, someone, somebody, none, something, nobody, nothing, no one
Group B-any, anyone, anybody, anything.
Group C- few, little, many, several, such, all, either, neither.
Group D-every, everybody, everyone, everything, each
All the pronouns in group A are used in affirmative sentences. E.g .
Olu had nothing to show for it.
There is nobody in the house.
All the pronouns in Group B are used in to say things in negative way.
I don’t want to see anyone in my office.
He doesn’t want anybody to disturb him
All the pronouns in group C are used with singular verbs and plural verbs as well.
Few students came yesterday[plural]
Little patience is needed to scale through [singular]
All the pronouns in group D are used with two or more things/people that are regarded as individuals, so they take singular verbs.
Each of the players was given a car.
Everybody is free with the new chairman.