POETRY-MEANING, AIMS, CHARACTERISTICS, TYPES AND ELEMENT OF POETRY.
MEANING OF POETRY: A poem is a piece of writing arranged in patterns of lines and of sounds which often rhyme, expressing thoughts, feelings and experiences in words that excite one’s imagination. A poetry is the art of writing poems.
AIMS OF TEACHING POETRY: The aims and objectives of teaching poetry are:
To compare and contrast poetry with other literary forms;
To encourage independent reading land evaluation of poetry;
To encourage poetic creativity through attempts at writing poems;
To identify and evaluate the language and thematic components of poetry;
To reveal man’s natural response to rhythm.
CHARACTERISTICS OF POETRY: The characteristics of poetry are as follow:
It uses language in compressed form.
It uses indirect means to express life.
Poems are written in verses and stanzas.
It is full of imagery.
Its rhythmic pattern gives the effects of the sound.
TYPES OF POETRY: The following are some of the types of poetry.
Sonnet: This is a poem of fourteen lines with specific rhyme scheme in both Italian and English sonnet.
Ode: It is a lyric poem composed as a solemn address to some persons, things for special events. It is in form of praises.
Lyrics : All poems that can be sung and show personal feeling or mind of the poet.
Ballad: It is a story in form of a poem told in songs. It is handed down from generation to generation by words of mouth and it is about love or war.
Epic: This is a long, elaborate narrative poem with serious purpose. It deal with person of heroic proportions and action of great significance.
Lullaby : It is a slow, quiet song sung to children to make them sleep. it has no regular pattern.
Dirge: It is used to express grief over the death of someone who is usually a loved one. Usually, it is composed as a song at funerals.
Elegy: It is a poem written to express emotions of sorrow, disappointment etc. It is full of disaster like the maimed, the wounded, the bereaved and general calamity.
Pastoral: it is a poem that describe a rural life and scenes. A poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherd.
Didactive: It teaches moral lessons and impact knowledge. It uses satire and allegory in its poetic devices to address the issue of life.
Allegory: It is a long poeml in form parable where persons, things or objects indicate great ideas such as pride, despair, holiness, sanctity e.g. The Parable of Jesus in the Bible.
Romance: It tells stories of fantasy or love affairs. It also reflects on serious or funny character.
Satire: It is al literary work [poem, drama, prose] that is meant to attack or ridicule something, person,, institution, society or a group of people.
ELEMENTS OF POETRY: These are some of the elements of poetry:
Imagery: It refers to a kind of image used by the poet in collective form. It is the appeals to different senses such as auditory—–[sense of hearing], visual—-[sense of sight] and tactile—[sense of touch].
Theme: It refers to the ideas that form the content of a poem. Themes lead to subject matter or entire message in a poem.
Subject matter: The main issue discussed in a poem. What a poem is all about.
Authorial and textual background: This is the brief history of a poet. The background of a poet or a writer always influence him/her in writing.
Rhythm: This is the regular rising and falling of beat so that thre regular and definite pattern is formed. Le.g. 2,4,3,4 etc.
Sound: The sound pattern of a poem gives pleasure if it is compared with rhythm. When a poem is read aloud, it produces sounds.
Diction: It is the poet choice of words to achieve certain effect. This depends on individual’s poet. It could b e simple, difficult, straightforward.
Figures of speech: These are the literary terms used in a poem to convey the message to the readers. It could be simile, metaphor, personification etc