ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF ARTS AND DESIGN—BY INSTRUCTOR SOBANDE TOLULWALOPE O.
Elements are the necessary components of design. Every artist assembles these elements in such a way that they say something, which does not always equate with words. They can be seen as tools for solving artistic problems. The elements of art are: line, colour, texture, value, form and space.
LINE: It is the beginning of drawing, it creates shape or defines the edge of an object. It is the most important element of art. E.g.
COLOUR: Is the pigment or hue used for painting in order to add more beauty to things e.g. Yellow, Red, Blue, White, Orange etc.
TEXTURE: It is the same surface quality of any material which we need to see visually or feel physically.
VALUE: It is the relation of light and dark in an object to bring out the shape of the object.
FORM: It is the term used to define the shape of anything which has volume or mass. It could also be seen as a portion of a given surface.
SPACE: It is an open place or unlimited extension in all direction. It is a measurable distance between two objects.
PRINCIPLES OF ARTS AND DESIGN.
Principles of arts and designs are the guides or decisions needed by an artist in putting to effective use those elements of art and to achieve harmony, order and unity in an art work. The principles of arts and design is as follow:
VARIETY: It is the use of shapes, colour and some other components of design in an organized manner, thereby making the art work more interesting and appealing.
REPETITION: It is the act of allowing some art elements to feature several times on a surface. It also re-emphasize visual unit. Repetition connects parts and builds an art work together.
PROPORTION: It is the proper distribution and relationship of various elements in a design. The use of proportion must be considered to be important, it is the way we divide and use a given space likewise the size and positioning of art elements.
DOMINANCE: It is an act of making certain parts of an art work to attract more attention than the others by varying size, colour, shape, texture.
RHYTHM: It is a kind of flow achieved by arranging the various art elements in a repeated manner.
HARMONY: The unity of all the visual elements of a composition.