OCCUPATION- MEANING, CLASSIFICATION AND FACTORS DETERMINIG TYPES OF OCCUPATION.—BY INSTRUCTOR MRS. ASAKPA, P.E.
OCCUPATION: Occupation may be defined as any activity or job in which an individual is engaged in order to earn a living. Occupation can be classified into the following:
A] INDUSTRY: This comprises those engaged in the actual production of goods. It is sub-divided into-Extractive, Manufacturing and Construction. It is also called primary production.
1. Extraction: This comprises of those that are involved in obtaining raw materials and other free gifts of nature from their natural habitat for direct consumption or for further production of goods.
2. Manufacturing: This involves changing of raw materials into finished or semi-finished goods.
3. Contraction: This comprises those that assemble the output of the extractive and manufacturing industries into objects and structures that are more useful to mankind. E.g. road construction, block making etc.
B] COMMERCE: This is referred to as secondary occupation. It involves the exchange and distribution of goods and services. It is classified into trade and aids to trade.
1. Trade: It encompasses those in buying and selling of goods and services- wholesaler and retailer.
2. Aids to trade: This involves those that make large scale trading possible e.g. banking, insurance, advertising, warehousing etc.
C] DIRECT AND INDIRECT SERVICES: These are referred to as tertiary occupation. They are services rendered by persons and are divided into direct and indirect services.
1. Direct Services: These are services rendered directly and paid for directly. E.g. plumber, tailor, carpenter etc.
2. Indirect Services: These are services rendered but paid for indirectly e.g. civil servants.
FACTORS DETERMINIG TYPES OF OCCUPATION: The factors that determine types of occupation are:
The climate and weather condition of a place.
The natural resources available in a particular will determine what the people in that area will do.
The education and skills acquired by an individual will affect his or her type of job.
The remuneration and condition of service will affect occupation.
The risk and security of an occupation will determine involvement in such occupation.
The government policies and age restriction will affect occupation.
The interest and ability of people will affect occupation as well.