The word comprehension is from the verb ‘’comprehend’’ which means ‘’ understand’’. Therefore , comprehension is sets to test students ability to understand a written passage.
Students are expected to read passages with various field of human life. E.g. Politics, Law, Aviation ,Agriculture, Nature etc. let us discuss the rules governing comprehension passages.
HOW TO ANSWER QUESTIONS ON COMPREHENSION PASSAGES.
Grammatical expressions: If the question is set in the present tense, the answer should be in the present tense. Likewise, if the question is in the past tense, answer must be in past tense. E.g. What does the writer mean by this word ‘’team’’ according to the passage? Answer a = The writer means—- [correct]. Answer b = The writer meant … [incorrect]. Answer to ‘’b’’ is wrong because it was given in past tense instead of present tense.
Giving two answers to a question: Where two answers are given to a question and one of them is wrong zero mark would be awarded. But if the two answers are correct, students will get full mark. Two answers are given to a question when students use co-ordinate conjunctions [and, or, nor, but or conjunctive adverbs-yet, however, nevertheless, etc] e.g. He was told armed robbers would visit him or not to informed the law enforcement agents.
Perfect replacement of words: This has to do with synonyms. Four parts of speech-[verb, noun, adverb and adjective] are always tested. The replacement of words must be done in terms of number, function based on the part of speech it belongs. E.g. a singular/plural noun must replace a singular/ plural noun, singular/plural verb must replace another singular/plural verb. For example, We work as a family in Engreg High School—To replace ‘’family’’ we can use ‘’team’’ not ‘’teams’’
Answers are not supposed to be written in sentences where such is not stipulated. The following should be noted in this regard.
[a] When mention, give, state, name, list, enumerate or identify introduce a question, answer should be in one word, a short sentence or a phrase .e.g.
Question: Mention any THREE assumptions which people associate with dogs.
Answer: The assumption are [all] dogs:
[i] suck blood
[ii] are blind
[iii] spread rabies
[b] Grammatical expressions are not written in sentences. e.g.
…….when I was going home.
Question: [i] What is the grammatical name of this expression?
[ii] What is the function?
Answer: [i] Adverbial clause of [time].
[ii] It modifies the verb ‘’ saw’’.
[c] In replacing words, students should avoid writing sentences or tabulating their
Question: Replace these words as used in the passage.
[I] assumed can be replaced with thought
[ii] retreat can also be replaced with withdrawal
Your answer should be like this:
Finally, a word should be replaced in the way it is used in a given passage.