ORDER OF ADJECTIVE
Let us explain what adjective is all about. An adjective is a word that qualifies a noun. E.g.
Smart, ugly, beautiful e.tc.
Bade is a smart lawyer.
The word ‘’smart’’ is an adjective because it describes the kind of lawyer Bade is. Adjective could be used to express possessive, ask questions e.t.c.
My house is painted green.
Which cow was killed yesterday?
In sentences above, the word ‘’my’’ is used to express ownership while ‘’which’’ is used to ask question. The two word appear before the nouns they qualify which are ‘’house and ‘’cow’’. Let us now discuss what is meant by order of adjective.
In a sentence, more than one adjectives can qualify a noun. These adjectives must be arranged in a logical manner. The arrangement of these adjectives is called ‘’the order of adjective’’. It has no definite way but a general pattern is designed like this:
[a] determiner———-a, an, the[ used to identify the nouns]
[b] number—————one, two, three
[c] quality—————-wise, weak, smart
[d] age——————-young, old, new
[e] shape/size———–large, round, flat
[f]colour—————–white, black, green
[g]origin—————–Nigeria, Ghana[where it comes from]
[h] noun—————–student, teacher, bag.
The arrangement above is referred to as order of adjective. It depends on the point of view of a writer. All the features above may not appear in a sentence for example.
- An old black Nigerian girl visited us.
- The principal bought a beautiful house.
In sentence 1 above, we have:
an——–which serves as determiner in the expression
old——–it stands for age in the expression.
black——this represents colour
Nigerian——this denotes the origin of the noun and
Girl——–as the noun which is qualified in the sentence.
In sentence 2, we have:
a———it means determiner
beautiful——–it represent the quality of the noun involved and
house————–as the noun which is qualified in the sentence.
Above all, students must master or learn the headings in order to arrange the adjective logically. When they are arranged wrongly it becomes wrong expression e.g.
The green, old bag was stolen———————wrong
The old green bag was stolen———————correct.
The first sentence is wrong because it breaks the rules of arrangement of adjectives when they are more than one in a sentence.