A conjunction joins words or groups of words together.E.g.
pen and bag—-[two words joined together]
A coordinate conjunctions join two clauses of the same type. It also joins two words or phrases. Examples of coordinating conjunction are: and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so. E.g.
In the house and outside the house———– phrase.
I went out but did not get what I wanted—— clause.
Go and see —– word.
In the examples above, coordinating conjunction is used to join items of the same kind.
A subordinating conjunction joins two clauses together. One part is a dependent clause [subordinate] while the other part is an independent [main]. It can be introduced by the following words: when, because, until, after, although, despite, yet, since, while, however, whereas. E. g.
Because I came late, I was flogged————— a
I was flogged because I came late—————- b.
If dependent clause begins a sentence, comma is used. An example is sentence A above.
When I entered, they were talking.
They were talking when I entered.
A correlative conjunction is used in pairs to join words together. It is usually used in pairs. It is introduced by the following: either…..or, neither….nor, not only….but also, both…..and, yet e.g.
Let us dicuss them one by one.
Either Abiola or Iyanu is around.
You can take either meat or fish.
There must be two things or people for a choice to be made. The verb to be used must be singular.
Neither Adeola nor Jumoke has come [none of them]-Singular verb must be used
The baby neither ate nor slept [did not do anything]
NOT ONLY ….BUT ALSO.
The boy cannot only dance but also sing.
He did not only pass but won an award.
Both the boy and his father were around [two of them came, the verb must be plural]
I saw both the driver and the conductor.
It is only a little shop, yet it has every item in it.
She has done the work, yet she was not paid.
ORDER OF ADJECTIVE
Let us explain what adjective is all about. An adjective is a word that qualifies a noun. E.g.
Smart, ugly, beautiful e.tc.
Bade is a smart lawyer.
The word ‘’smart’’ is an adjective because it describes the kind of lawyer Bade is. Adjective could be used to express possessive, ask questions e.t.c.
My house is painted green.
Which cow was killed yesterday?
In sentences above, the word ‘’my’’ is used to express ownership while ‘’which’’ is used to ask question. The two word appear before the nouns they qualify which are ‘’house and ‘’cow’’. Let us now discuss what is meant by order of adjective.
In a sentence, more than one adjectives can qualify a noun. These adjectives must be arranged in a logical manner. The arrangement of these adjectives is called ‘’the order of adjective’’. It has no definite way but a general pattern is designed like this:
[a] determiner———-a, an, the[ used to identify the nouns]
[b] number—————one, two, three
[c] quality—————-wise, weak, smart
[d] age——————-young, old, new
[e] shape/size———–large, round, flat
[f]colour—————–white, black, green
[g]origin—————–Nigeria, Ghana[where it comes from]
[h] noun—————–student, teacher, bag.
The arrangement above is referred to as order of adjective. It depends on the point of view of a writer. All the features above may not appear in a sentence for example.
- An old black Nigerian girl visited us.
- The principal bought a beautiful house.
In sentence 1 above, we have:
an——–which serves as determiner in the expression
old——–it stands for age in the expression.
black——this represents colour
Nigerian——this denotes the origin of the noun and
Girl——–as the noun which is qualified in the sentence.
In sentence 2, we have:
a———it means determiner
beautiful——–it represent the quality of the noun involved and
house————–as the noun which is qualified in the sentence.
Above all, students must master or learn the headings in order to arrange the adjective logically. When they are arranged wrongly it becomes wrong expression e.g.
The green, old bag was stolen———————wrong
The old green bag was stolen———————correct.
The first sentence is wrong because it breaks the rules of arrangement of adjectives when they are more than one in a sentence.